Life Cycle Analysis
Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is a scientifically-recognised, standardised methodology for assessing the environmental impacts of a product, service, company or process, from raw materials extraction to end-of-life treatment (dumping, recycling, etc.).
The method is based on a four-stage approach: definition of the aims and scope of the study, inventory analysis, impact assessment, and interpretation of the results obtained in the light of the initial aims.
Application of the LCA methodology is particularly relevant in an Eco design process.
"Ecodesign consists of integrating environmental protection into the design of goods and services. Its aim is to reduce the environmental impact of a product through its life i.e. extraction of raw materials, production, distribution, utilisation and end-of-life. Ecodesign involves a multi-stage and multi-criterion approach, taking into account the various stages in the life cycle, consumption of materials and energy, emissions into the natural environment, and effects on the climate and on biodiversity
Undertaking such an assessment can also allow the identification and promotion of products and services which offer lower environmental impacts within a strategy based on eco-labelling, consumer awareness and contributing to the development of an offer of products of better ecological quality.
LCA thus enables businesses to:
- comply with, or even anticipate, regulations
- better control risks and costs linked to the life cycles of products and activities
- innovative in terms of functionality and improve the quality of the products and services
- make choices based on a scientifically-recognised and standardised approach
- anticipate market expectations at the environmental level
- promote more sustainable modes of production and consumption
- measure and demonstrate the environmental advantages, aiming for greater transparency and a clear opportunity to be different from the competition
- ensure that efforts to improve are focused on the point of greatest impact.
In working to bring more efficient environmental technologies to market, GreenWin concentrates its action on improving product life cycles by saving on raw materials and energy, recycling and the use of renewable resources
Product sponsors within the Cluster thus seek to integrate "Life Cycle Thinking" from the very first stages in the R&D process, as a factor in monitoring and evaluating the research.
The search for solutions and alternatives acts as a stimulator of innovation and often constitutes a source of profit for our businesses.